Work Camp 10030 GW, Lavamund
The following pictures of the dam at Lavamund were taken by Peter Linowitz in 2001.
|Dave||Abel||Pte||745||Hunterville, NZ; cook|
|Adam Lancelot||Adamson||Pte||H.Q. 6 Div.||534||Australia|
|Edwin||Atkinson||Sgt||RA||144||London; Camp Leader|
|Victor William||Balls||Sgmn||R Sigs||455|
|J.L. (Jack)||Bamford||Sgmn||166||New Zealand|
|Wally||Barber||Pte||139||Christchurch, New Zealand|
|Leslie||Barnett||Gnr||RA||5021||Ilford; Hut 1/6|
|Arthur Arnold||Bastable||Gnr||RA||761||Derbyshire, England|
|Leo Charles||Bevis||Pte||2/12 Inf. Bn.||3459||Tasmania|
|A.L.||Birchmore||Sgmn||R Sigs||279||Hut 1/6|
|A.V. (Vern)||Blakeway||Spr||185||New Zealand|
|E. (Fred)||Boardman||Pte||H.Q. 6 Div. AASC||433||Sydney, Australia|
|Colin Cameron||Brodie||Sgmn||R Sigs||London; died 18.5.43|
|John Edward Laws||Burns||Gnr||RA||360|
|R.E.||Butler||Gnr||119||Auckland, New Zealand|
|R.L.||Campbell||Gnr||RA||425||Bishop Auckland, UK|
|Jack||Carr-Lord||T/Sgt||18 Inf. Tng.||281||Australia|
|W.H. (Wally)||Cartmill||Gnr||NZ Art.||391||New Zealand; musician|
|G.P. (Gerry)||Cavanagh||Spr||223||New Zealand; also 107/L|
|F.P.||Chitty||Spr||6 Fld. Coy.||244||Gisbourne, NZ; transf'd to Stalag 18C|
|Louis Paul Davidson||Churton||Pte||765||New Zealand|
|R.E.||Close||Sgmn||R Sigs||74||Wellingborough, UK|
|Herbert Thomas||Codling||Pte||24 Bn.||354||New Zealand; also 1042/GW|
|K.C.||Cowan||Pte||5915||Waikato, New Zealand|
|A.S.||Cox||Dvr||R Sigs||104||Cambridge, UK|
|R.C. (Sam)||Crone||Pte||572||Taranaki, NZ|
|R.M.||Crowe||Pte||5822||Auckland, New Zealand|
|Winston F.||Daniell||T/L/Cpl||4205||Te Awamatu, New Zealand|
|Thomas Edmund||Davies||Pte||19 Bn.||275||Taihape, NZ; Hut 1/6|
|H.J.R.||Dixon||Sgt||R Sigs||668||Hut 1/6|
|Ralph John William||Dolphin||Dvr||73||NZ; repat'd?|
|Percy Alexander||Dorothy||Cpl||RAVC||387||Liverpool; also 565/L, 576/L|
|Robert Dickson||Douglas||Gnr||RA||787||Barnsley; also 10029/GW|
|F.A (Andy)||Dunlop||Pte||431||New Plymouth, NZ|
|Max S.||Elliott||Tpr||Div. Cav.||303||New Zealand; Musician|
|Peter J.J. (Pat)||Eruera||Pte||685||N. Auckland, NZ|
|Charley E.J.||Fairman||Sgmn||R Sigs||379|
|James||Fall||L/Cpl||R Sigs||444||Hut 1/6|
|J.E. (Ted)||Fearon||Tpr||Div. Cav.||194||Taranaki, NZ|
|K.R.||Fergusson||Pte||H.Q. 6 Div. AASC||797||Melbourne, Australia|
|James Carson||Fletcher||Pte||825||Dunedin, NZ|
|Hec L.||Forbes||Pte||392||Taranaki, NZ|
|Nelson||French||Rfmn||191||Te Kuiti, NZ|
|D.R.||Galbraith||L/Cpl||161||Rotorua, New Zealand|
|R. S.||Galbraith||Pte||254||Wellington, NZ|
|T.H.de F.||Garland||Gnr||227||New Zealand|
|Doug A||Gayton||Pte||501||New Plymouth, NZ|
|Desmond Joseph (Jock)||Goodley||Pte||89||Gisbourne, NZ|
|George Kenneth||Gray||Sgt||R Sigs||351|
|M.||Gray||A/Cpl||H.Q. 6 Div. AASC||405||Australia|
|R.H.||Gredig||Pte||772||New Plymouth, NZ|
|Charles Thomas||Green||Pte||249||NZ; died 9.12.41 (accident)|
|Jack||Gregory||Sgt||19 Bn.||202||Taihape, NZ; transf'd to Stalag 383|
|Colin Henry||Greiner||Pte||450||NZ; also 200/GW, 91/GW|
|Albert D.||Griffiths||Dvr||RASC||1740||Cardiff, Wales|
|Jack A.||Guillard||Pte||203||New Cross, NZ; also 13048/L|
|T.H.||Gunn||Dvr||R Sigs||298||Stoke, UK|
|Peter J.J.||Hakaraia||Pte||322||Otaki, NZ; Hut 1/6|
|Allan Hilton||Harvey||Gnr||2/3 Fd. Rg.||3463||Australia|
|G.W.||Hearn||Pte||H.Q. 6 Div. AASC||295||Innisfail, Australia|
|Alf||Hedges||Pte||H.Q. 6 Div. AASC||344||Australia; killed 14.3.45|
|Michael||Hennessy||Pte||2/4 Inf. Bn.||782||Australia; Hut 1/6|
|R.||Hewings||Sgmn||R Sigs||646||Cardiff, Wales|
|Lin F.||Homes||Pte||183||Hut 1/6|
|James Henry Edward||Johnston||Pte||1 A.C. H.Q.||3996||Australia|
|P.D.||Jones||Pte||343||Southland, New Zealand|
|A.J.||Keenan||Pte||842||Te Awamutu, NZ; transf'd to Stalag 18C|
|S.C.||Kerr||Pte||2/7 Inf. Bn.||406||Melbourne, Australia|
|Basil A. (Silver)||Lacy||L/Cpl||19 Bn.||222||New Zraland; also 956/GW, 11022/GW|
|William Henry (Billy)||Lakin||Gnr||RA||562||Clitheroe|
|W.R.||Lay||Pte||2/6 Inf. Bn.||877||Australia|
|Perce E.||Leary||Pte||325||New Zealand|
|Gordon W.||Leigh||Sgt||893||Whangarei, NZ; also Flachau|
|E.||Malinowski||Pte||274||Hamaki Plains, New Zealand|
|J.P.||Manson||Dvr||R Sigs||982||Hut 1/6|
|V.F.||Marks||Gnr||335||Masterton, New Zealand|
|G.F.||Marshall||Gnr||RA||443||London; transf'd to Stalag 17A|
|Paul T.||Maurirere||Pte||503||Talaga Bay, NZ; Hut 1/6|
|C.J. (Charlie)||McHardy||Pte||324||Taihape, NZ; Hut 1/6|
|Andrew D.||McIntosh||Sgmn||R Sigs||706||Paisley, Scotland|
|W.E.||McMahon||Gnr||148||Taihape, New Zealand|
|K.K.||Miller||Gnr||RA||388||could be 338|
|Garnett William||Moir||Pte||20 Bn.||560||Invercargill, NZ|
|E. (Ted)||Morgan||Sgmn||R Sigs||468||Wales|
|Frank Henry Charles||Morris||Sgmn||R Sigs||551||Northampton; Frantschach (possible)|
|Edward Leslie (Bill)||Mulhall||Spr||2/1 Fd. Co.||5918||Queensland, Australia; Melody Makers|
|A.D.||Munro||Pte||2/6 Inf. Bn.||3363||Victoria, Australia|
|J.||Nathan||Pte||85||Hokianga, NZ; transf'd to Stalag 18C|
|Harry||Nield||Pte||898||New Zealand; transf'd to Stalag 18C|
|A.W.||Nutting||Pte||H.Q. 6 Div. AASC||174||Meanden, Tasmania|
|F. (Jock)||Oates||Pte||RAVC||105||Fife, Scotland; cook|
|K.P. (Pete)||Oliver||L/Cpl||301||Marton, NZ|
|Tutu (Thomas)||Paraone||Pte||462||Ruatoria, NZ; Hut 1/6|
|Lesley Albert||Pearce||Sgmn||R Sigs||64||Woodhouse, UK|
|Stan Albert||Peters||Pte||60||Wyndham, NZ; capt'd Corinth; dental unit,18A|
|Frank||Purdey||Pte||H.Q. 6 Div. AASC||608||Australia|
|Norman Edward||Rackham||Pte||331||Paeroa, NZ|
|A.||Racklow||King Country, NZ|
|Robert M. (Bob)||Rae||Pte||224||Taihape, NZ|
|Robert Leslie||Raw||Sgmn||R Sigs||293|
|Simon E.||Reuben||T/L/Cpl||813||N. Auckland, New Zealand|
|Melita Joseph (Joe)||Riddell||Sgmn||NZ Sigs||Te Aroha, NZ; died 12.12.44|
|Gordon G||Rigby||Pte||258||New Zealand; transf'd to Stalag 317|
|Derek H.||Riggir||Pte||477||Tauranga, NZ|
|William||Samson||Pte||862||N. Auckland, New Zealand|
|J.||Sergeant||789||Opotiki, NZ; could be 189|
|Jack W.||Sidaway||Pte||536||Marlborough, NZ|
|J.H.||Smithwick||Pte||H.Q. 6 Div. AASC||502||Sydney, Australia|
|Stuart Barnard||Spooner||Pte||152||New Zealand; also 10029/GW|
|R.H.||Stevenson||Pte||7182||Hamilton, New Zealand|
|G.||Stoney||Pte||H.Q. 6 Div. AASC||330||Geelong, Australia|
|John (Jack)||Swinnerton||Bdr||RA||508||Liverpool; also 942/GW|
|Jim||Tapping||Pte||2/11 Inf. Bn.||5340||Perth, Australia|
|Jim||Te Namu||T/L/Cpl||838||N. Auckland, New Zealand|
|David R||Thurlow||Cpl||860||New Zealand|
|R.S.||Todd||Pte||283||Raetihi, NZ; transf'd to Stalag 18C|
|William||Toner||Spr||233||NZ; transf'd to Stalag 18C|
|Leonard Raymond||Verrall||Pte||263||Auckland, NZ; also 955/GW|
|Denys Henry||Vette||Dvr||4 RMT||723||Te Awamatu, NZ|
|Jack R.||Webb||Spr||184||Auckland, NZ; also 1203/L|
|R.S.||Whale||Cpl||315||New Zealand; transf'd to Stal 383|
|J.R.||White||Pte||HQ 6 Div. AASC||96||Australia|
|George Steven||White||Spr||865||Nelson, NZ|
|J.R.||White||Pte||H.Q. 6 Div. AASC||96||Sydney, Australia|
|H.G. (Darkie?)||Williams||Dvr||210||NZ; also 11096/GW|
|David Frew||Wood||Capt||RAMC||Glasgow, Scotland; killed in air-raid 18.12.44|
|S.||Wood||Hawkes Bay, NZ|
|J.S. (Jack)||Wooster||Pte||347||Christchurch, New Zealand|
The following people have kindly donated pictures and information relating to the Work Camp at Lavamund:
Dave Dolphin, son of Dvr Bill Dolphin,
Tony Barratt, son-in-law of Dvr Albert Griffiths, RASC.
Steve Currie, grandson of Spr George White, 2NZEF.
Brent Robinson, son of Gnr William Robinson, RA.
Anne Moir, daughter of Pte Garnet Moir, 20th Bn., 2NZEF.
Ian Raw, son of Sgmn Robert Raw, R Sigs.
Linda Winter, daughter of Sgmn Frank Morris, R Sigs,
Pauline van Kampen, daughter of Pte Len Verrall, 2NZEF,
Mike De Vere, son of Sgmn Arthur De Vere, R Sigs.
David Fall, son of L/Cpl James Fall, R Sigs
Sue Courtney, daughter of Pte Paul Churton, 18th Bn., 2NZEF
Wendy Gouveia, grand-daughter of Pte Dick Horan, NZMC
Peter Burborough, grandson of Dvr Cyril Burborough, RASC.
Janet Tyne, daughter of Billy Lakin, RA.
Strictly speaking, the 'dam' at Lavamund is a Hydroelectric Power Station. The photographs that I have collected showing wartime construction seem to indicate that the POWs worked on two separate Power Stations: one at Schwabeck (sometimes called Schwabegg) and the other a few kilometres downstream at Lavamund. These two Power Stations still exist. The pictures at the top of this page are of Lavamund.
Photos from Anne Moir and Robin Elliott.
The 'Lavamund' Camp was, in fact, two separate camps. The camp close to the Lavamund project was located at Pudlach on the south side of the river. The camp near to Schwabeck was at Wunderstatten, on the north side of the river. The two POW camps appear to have been independent but there seems to have been some movement of POWs from one to the other. The Schwabeck dam was completed in 1942 and the whole camp was moved to Lavamund. It is impossible as yet to determine which of the photos below were taken at which camp. However, the first two Camp views were most likely taken at Wunderstatten.
I am indebted to Sue Courtney, daughter of Pte Paul Churton, 2NZEF, for the information relating to the location of the two camps.
|Camp view||Camp view||Camp view||Camp view|
|Camp view||Camp view|
|Large group||Large group (No3)||Large group (No4)||Large group (No5)|
|Large group (No6)||Large group (No8)||Large group (No9)||Large group|
|Large group||Small group||Large group||Australian group|
|Frank Morris group||Len Verrall group||Verrall & Williams group||Garnet Moir group|
|Paul Churton group||Alf Hedges group||James Fall group||Robert Dickson group|
|Adam Adamson group||Billy Lakin group||Large group||Jack Swinnerton group 1|
|Jack Swinnerton group 2||Max Elliott group||Stan Peters group 1||Stan Peters group 2|
|Hut group 1||Hut group 2||Hut group 3||Hut group 4|
|Hut group 5||Hut group 6||Hut group 7||Max Elliott group|
|Stanley Peters group||Cyril Burborough group||Small group at work||Mechanical shovel at work|
|Stanley Peters group||Stanley Peters group|
|Christmas group||Paul Churton group||"The Old Gang Line-up"||Williams, Robertson, Raw|
|Snowball fight||Group in snow||Magazine Party, July 1942||Camp Notice Board|
|Wally Cartmill||Max Elliott|
Photos provided by Brent Robinson and Robin Elliott
|Christmas Carols||Choir names||Choir names||Melody Makers|
|Melody Makers Set||Melody Makers||Bill Robinson|
|Johnny Miles||Lefty Hills||Ronnie & Nigel||Bill Mulhall|
|Maori Pacific Island Band||Max, Jimmy & Sid|
Brent Robinson has sent most of the following pictures, brought back by his father, Gnr William Robinson, RA, who survived Dunkirk only to be captured in Greece. The Christmas Carols Programme is certainly from Lavamund. The other pictures are most likely from there. The last two pictures, of the rugby teams were provided by Anne Moir.
|Christmas Carols||Choir names||Choir names||Melody Makers|
|English 7-a-side||Scottish Soccer Team||Scottish 7-a-side||Musicians|
|Soccer team, 1943||Soccer team||Group, 1943||Boxers|
|Rugby team||Rugby team||Soccer team||Rugby team|
|Rugby team||Rugby match||Soccer match|
Anne Moir has sent the following set of pictures of Football and Rugby teams taken at Lavamund. Most of the photos have the names of the players underneath.
|Winners, March 1943||Runners-up, Spring 1943||Third Team||Fourth Team|
|Lavamund Camp Soccer XI||Lavamund Camp Rugby XI||Newspaper cutting||Newspaper cutting|
|Rugby at Whit, 1943||Camp Cooks|
Marilyn Wreakes has transcribed the dairy that Gnr Arthur Reasebeck, RA, kept during his captivity. From 1941 until 1945 he worked on the dams, mainly at Schwabeck. His account gives a great insight into the day-to-day activities of a POW working on these projects. I have extracted the entries beginning with his arrival at 10030/GW in June 1941. At first, he made the effort to detail his activities but by early 1943, his entries had reduced to a list of letters and parcels received and their contents.
You can read it here.
In 1976, ex-POW Garnet Moir from New Zealand, visited the scene of his wartime captivity with his wife and daughter. As luck would have it, the taxi-driver they hired in Klagenfurt spoke good English and interpreted for Garnet when he toured the Lavamund dam and met a local man who had been a guard at the POW camp.
|Garnet Moir in Lavamund High Street||On Lavamund Dam, with wife, daughter Anne and Dam worker||With ex-Camp Guard|
As part of the Wolfsberg Weekend in July 2013, the visitors were taken for a tour of the Schwabeck Plant. We began with a lecture on the history of the dam and the involvement of POWs and slave labourers in its construction. We were then taken down to the dam itself for a walkabout. A bright beautiful day and an unforgettable experience
Date of visit: 25 October 1941
Camp Leader: Sgt. E Atkinson
Doctor: Captain Thomas I V Ferguson
Strength: 454 British (209 English, 178 New Zealanders, 52 Australians, 1 Canadian, 1 Irishman (the doctor)) 85 new prisoners expected to arrive the next day.
Situation: This Labour Detachment is situated on a level with a large barrage in course of construction, and on which the prisoners are working. The camp itself is some distance from the works and consists of a series of hutments, similar to those which are occupied by the German, Slovene and Croatian civilian workers, whose camp adjoins that of the prisoners.
Quarters: The prisoners live in three wooden hutments, simple but sufficiently comfortable. They are well aired and well lit and easily heated by stoves. The men are housed in 16 large rooms, each holding 28 men. The double tiered wooden bunks have a palliasse and one blanket per man. In each room there is a wooden table and some stools. Smaller hutments are reserved for stores, canteen, shower and toilet rooms, kitchen, etc.
Food: The prisoners have the rations due to those who do heavy work and told us that they were sufficiently well fed, especially since the British Red Cross parcels have started arriving regularly. On the other hand the quality of the provisions is not to the taste of the British prisoners, but five prisoners are now working in the kitchen and will in future have every facility for preparing the food to their liking. In addtion a field kitchen in the courtyard and the stoves in the rooms allow the prisoners to prepare the food received in their Red Cross parcels. Each man receives 350g of bread a day.
Clothing: The state of clothing is unsatisfactory. The majority of the prisoners are wearing French uniforms, often of extremely poor quality. These uniforms wear out very rapidly. As the prisoners work in all weathers, it is difficult to dry them and sickness due to chills is frequent in the Camp. The prisoners have no change of underlinen and the majority of them have no socks. Their shoes are in a lamentable condition.
Luckily we saw the advice of the arrival of an important consignment of clothing from Stalag XVIIIA, which will permit of the re-equipment of a large number of prisoners. We also asked the officer who accompanied us, who was attached to Stalag XVIIIA, that all the British prisoners in the Labour Detachments should be provided with two sets of underclothing and two uniforms, especially in the winter. There are actually very large stocks of underwear and uniforms in the Camp stores, some of which came from the British Red Cross.
Work: The prisoners work on the neighbouring barrage. They work as labourers, carpenters and embankment builders, many of them being specialists. The men work in day and night shifts and each do 10½ hours actual work a day. The work is very heavy. All the prisoners have 24 hours rest a week.
Pay: The basic rate is 70 pfennigs a day. In addition certain specialists or good workers receive bonuses which can double their pay. Overtime is not paid.
Canteen: The usual toilet articles can be bought; sometimes there is beer and 120 French cigarettes per man per month for the sum of 3 RM.
Hygiene: There is a hutment for toilet purposes, with taps and showers, which allows the prisoners hot and cold water for their daily ablutions. On the other hand the latrines are far too small and not at all hygienic. Their enlargement has already been undertaken and it is to be hoped that the actual work will begin shortly.
Infirmary: This comprises 26 double tier beds, all provided with a pillow, and a cotton foot-covering keeps the blanket on. There are many patients, due to the very bad clothing conditions. We saw several patients suffering from chills, rheumatism, bronchitis, etc. There are also several cases of accident of all kinds while at work. Simple cases are kept in the Infirmary and the others are sent to the Lazaret at Stalag XVIIIA or to the civil hospital in the town. The Camp, however, being some distance from any place of any size, it is impossible to see how transport could be effected in case of emergency. We were told that it was impossible to get an ambulance. Some solution should be sought while there is yet time. Up to date there has been one fatal accident, and two very serious falls causing cerebral disturbance.
A British doctor, assisted by 3 medical orderlies, is attached permanently to the Camp, and a German civilian doctor visits the Infirmary 3 times a week.
Intellectual and moral assistance: The prisoners have no means of amusing themselves, apart from some musical instruments which they have been able to buy. They have not received a single book and they have no games. They go to play football outside the camp on Sundays. The prisoners would very much like to have a room for recreation and reading, as at present they have no Common Room.
There is no Catholic religious service and the Roman Catholics would be happy if the French priest from Stalag XVIIIA could visit them once a month. The Camp Leader acts as chaplain to the Protestants.
Mails: All the prisoners write two letters and 4 cards per month and the members of the medical staff twice as many. Nearly all the English have received news from their families, although the New Zealanders and the Australians have not yet received any.
The collective consignments of food from the British Red Cross have arrived at the Camp and each man receives one per week. These parcels are greatly appreciated by the prisoners.
Conversation with the Camp Leader and the Doctor: We talked with them for a long time, without witnesses. The prisoners are satisfied with the camp on the whole, and good relations exist with the NCO's in charge of the Camp Guard. In addition to the chief desires expressed in the report above, the following desires were raised:
The doctor would like a small outfit for urgent surgical cases.
The Camp Leader would be glad to have a copy of the Geneva Convention in English.
The prisoners protest strongly against the manner in which they were transported from Greece to Germany. They were 5 days in the train, locked in cattle trucks, the floors of which were covered with the evacuations of prisoners suffering from dysentery. They had practically nothing to eat and drink. Many of the prisoners are still suffering from the effects of this journey. One of them died of this dysentery a few days after his arrival at Stalag XVIIIA.